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More theft, burglaries and even murders are the unexpected side-effects of rising prices, this criminologist warns

A Dollar Tree store in Urbandale, Iowa.


  • Inflation could spark sharp rises in theft, burglary and even murder, a criminologist said.
  • Richard Rosenfeld said high inflation was creating more demand for stolen goods.
  • Retailers fear police are now focusing more on violent crime than on burglary and theft. 

Soaring inflation threaten to trigger a crime wave, a criminologist says, and your purchases might get caught up along the way. 

Richard Rosenfeld, a professor of criminology at the University of Missouri-St. Louis, told Insider that property crime would jump this year as rising prices push consumers into the black market.

The average price of goods and services in the US rose by 8.6% in May, a 41-year high, brought on by tight supply chains and Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.  

Rosenfeld, who has been researching the link between crime and macroeconomic variables for years, said inflation acts as a much better indicator of crime than unemployment or a recession. 

Trading down 

Rosenfeld said inflation forces customers to shop at cheaper stores. While some will switch from Target to Dollar Tree, for example, he said that Dollar Tree and Goodwill shoppers will be more susceptible to the black market.

“As retail prices rise, we see people trading down to the underground market and stolen goods. That generates higher demand in those markets to supply them with goods acquired through robbery and property crime, and we see robbery and property crime rates increase,” he said.

Rosenfeld thinks it’s more likely that demand for non-essential illicit goods will rise, as consumers won’t have anything left over after spending on food, which is also suffering big price rises.

Jason Straczewski of the National Retail Federation told Insider that organized crime had been rising in recent years, even before inflation began soaring. 

Data published by the trade body last year showed about $700,000 for every $1 billion in sales annually is lost by retailers to organised crime. Designer clothes, laundry detergent and allergy medicine were top of the list, and Straczewski expected the top items stolen this year to be broadly similar.

Straczewski said some members also reported rising theft of perishable goods, including shoppers walking into supermarkets and stealing shopping carts full of fresh meat to sell on. 

“I don’t think there’s a willingness among people to go actively seek out stolen merchandise to purchase,” Straczewski said. “If you’re a consumer, and there’s products you need to take care of your family and your household, you’re going to look for the best possible deal.”

Straczewski said police attention being diverted towards violent crime and away from burglaries had emboldened some.

Crime rates have not yet risen, according to quarterly FBI data, but Rosenfeld expected that to change by the end of this year.

Violent crime fears

More violent crime could also be on the horizon. As the shadow economy grows, so too do the number of disputes that would ordinarily be settled in court. Rosenfeld says with that option gone, violent crime, including murder, can increase.

“The work that’s been done on violent crime tends to suggest that high levels of inflation really produce reduced sizeable reductions in institutional legitimacy,” he says. 

“That is the perception on the part of the population, that social institutions are simply not operating properly. And that decline in institutional legitimacy has from a variety of perspectives been linked to increases in violent crime.”

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